The basis for Emergency Planning is having an All-Hazards plan. Preparing for "all-hazards" requires knowing your risks and developing emergency plans to use during and after the situation. The plan will layout procedures for communication, preparedness, response and recovery. Your All-Hazards Emergency Plan can be as detailed or as simple as you choose to make it. The most important thing is that it is user friendly for your staff and volunteers.
Along with your All-Hazards Plan you will need to have Emergency Specific Preparedness Plans which are subsets of the larger plan and are used for occasions such as fires, hurricanes, medical emergencies or hostile events.
You will start developing your plan after performing a risk assessment of your facility and organization, giving you starting point as to what risks you are most vulnerable to. You do not want a plan that will be limited in scope as to what emergencies/disasters can affect you - in many instances, it is no longer a “what if it can happen scenario, but when it will happen.”
Natural hazards are naturally occurring physical phenomena caused either by rapid or slow onset events which can be geophysical, hydrological, climatological, meteorological, or biological.
Technological or man-made hazards are events that are caused by humans and occur in or close to human settlements. This can include environmental degradation, pollution and accidents.
There are a range of challenges, such as climate change, unplanned-urbanization, under-development/poverty as well as the threat of pandemics, that will shape humanitarian assistance in the future. These aggravating factors will result in increased frequency, complexity and severity of disasters.
TAKE ACTION: Download and/or print this PDF to help you build a planning and recovery team, before the next disaster.